Urbanization is progressing rapidly and by 2050, seven out of ten people will be living in cities. Inappropriate policies, plans and designs have led to inadequate spatial distribution of people and activities, resulting in proliferation of slums, congestion, poor access to basic services, environmental degradation, and social inequity and segregation.For sustainable growth of cities Modi Government has announced Smart City and AMRUT schemes to help municipalities deliver efficient services to citizens and attract talent. The Smart City and AMRUT projects are expected to cost Rs.48,000 crore and Rs.50,000 crore, respectively, over the next five years.

AMRUT is a project based approach and will focus on E-governance, Water Supply, Sewerage Facilities and Septage Management, Storm Water Drains, Pedestrian, Non-Motorized and Public Transport Facilities, Parking Spaces and Enhancing amenity value of Cities by creating and upgrading Green Spaces, Parks and Recreation Centers especially for children. Smart City is a area based approach and will focus on E-governanace and Citizen Services, Waste Management, Water Management, Energy Management, Urban Mobility, Tele-Medicine & Tele Education, Incubation/Trade Facilitation Centers and Skill Development Centers.

Water Sector: India is set to become water-scarce due to growing demand for water. Demand is projected to very soon overtake the availability of water. Some regions of the country are already witnessing acute , it has already happened. The rapid increase in population, urbanization and industrialization has led to a significant increase in water requirement. In the next decade the demand in water is expected to grow by 20 percent, fueled primarily by the industrial requirements which are projected to double from 23.2 trillion liters in 2010 to 47 trillion liters. Domestic demand is expected to grow by 40 percent from 41 to 55 trillion liters while irrigation will require only 14 percent more ten years hence, 592 trillion liters up from 517 trillion liters currently.

Waste Sector: Waste management in India is riddled with corruption. Traditionally waste management facilities have been set for different kinds of waste which are either inadequate or poorly maintained. Swach Bahrat, Smart Cities and AMRUT aim at overcoming the past issues and setting up world class environment friendly waste treatment facilities in India.

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