India is in the midst of revolution powered by digitization. Digital India provides a domestic opportunity of the size of $3-4 billion annually for the Indian IT industry. The opportunities range from setting up data centers, National fiber optic network project that aims to connect 2,50,000 panchayats, setting up citizen service centers, mobile and back office applications for online access to government services, to providing platform to allow freelancers digitize the Government documents. Out of the many initiatives launched during the Digital India week, one that could make a serious impact is BSNL’s (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd) mass deployment of Wi-Fi hotspots across the country.The activities of Digital India initiative are being monitored by Prime Minister as the Chairman of Monitoring Committee. India is currently plagued with poor Digital Infrastructure and ineffecient traditional ways of Governance. As per Akamai report average Internet speed in India is just 2 Mbps, compared to the global average of 4.6 Mbps. While Globally the average peak speed is 25.4 Mbps, in India it is just 14.4 Mbps. In India despite the modest definition of broadband, as data speeds greater than 256Kbps, as opposed to several megabits per second in many other markets, a very small percentage of internet users experience broadband. India ranks on number 118th in terms of slowest broadband speeds globally. There are 251 million Internet users in the country, 99 per cent of whom access the Web on mobile devices. Only 14 million users access the Internet using the wireline medium. Broadband rates in India are expensive, ahead of even Korea, Europe, Australia, China etc. Digital India Mission has identified several projects some of them are:
Digital Locker System aims to minimize the usage of physical documents and enable sharing of e-documents across agencies. The sharing of the e-documents will be done through registered repositories thereby ensuring the authenticity of the documents online.
Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Mobile app would be used by people and Government organizations for achieving the goals of Swachh Bharat Mission.
eSign framework would allow citizens to digitally sign a document online using Aadhaar authentication.
Online Registration System (ORS) under the eHospital application has been introduced. This application provides important services such as online registration, payment of fees and appointment, online diagnostic reports, enquiring availability of blood online etc.
National Scholarships Portal is a one stop solution for end to end scholarship process right from submission of student application, verification, sanction and disbursal to end beneficiary for all the scholarships provided by the Government of India.
Digitize India Platform (DIP) for large scale digitization of records in the country that would facilitate efficient delivery of services to the citizens.
Bharat Net, a high speed digital highway to connect all 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats of country. This would be the world’s largest rural broadband connectivity project using optical fibre.
Next Generation Network (NGN), BSNL to replace 30 year old exchanges, which is an IP based technology to manage all types of services like voice, data, multimedia/ video and other types of packet switched communication services.
Wi-Fi hotspots, BSNL has undertaken large scale deployment of Wi-Fi hotspots throughout the country. The user can latch on the BSNL Wi-Fi network through their mobile devices.
Broadband Highways, as one of the pillars of Digital India. While connectivity is one criterion, enabling and providing technologies to facilitate delivery of services to citizens forms the other.
Digital India will provide solid platform for E-commerce, Education on Demand, Cashless Transactions, E-health, enable IoT for farmers.Digital India will open up plethora of opportunities.Government has taken key policy decisions to enable Digital India and electronics manufacturing in India.
BPO Policy has been approved to create BPO centres in different North Eastern states and also in smaller / mofussil towns of other states.Electronics Development Fund (EDF) Policy aims to promote Innovation, R&D, and Product Development and to create a resource pool of IP within the country to create a self-sustaining eco-system of Venture Funds.National Centre for Flexible Electronics (NCFlexE) is an initiative of Government of India to promote research and innovation in the emerging area of Flexible Electronics. Centre of Excellence on Internet on Things (IoT) is a joint initiative of Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY), ERNET and NASSCOM.
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